Environmental Rating in Bali

Water scarcity, beach management, the increasing numbers of tourists and the island's limited carrying capacity are just some of the environmental issues facing Bali in Indonesia

In 1996, triggered by concerns about Bali's environmental problems and the issues surrounding tourism development, the Wisnu Foundation '(a Bali based environmental organisation) set about developing an evaluation system by which hotels can be eco-rated and strive to improve their environmental performance.

The programme is similar to that which has been implemented by BAPEDAL (the Indonesian Environmental Agency) which evaluates and rates industries on the quality of their waste water discharges to the aquatic environment.

Called Proper Prokasih, the industries are inspected every year (on a voluntary basis) and rated from red (for poor performers) through black, blue and green to gold (for the best). Following a workshop run by BAPEDAL on sustainable tourism in late 1997, the Wisnu Foundation invited the general managers of 12 international hotel chains to explore the subject further.

There was considerable interest in pushing towards better environmental practices. Most of the hotel chains had their own environmental policy and for many of them IHEI's 'Environmental Management for Hotels' has been a bible.

As a result, they decided to use the 100 key environmental issues identified within the IHEI manual as a basis for evaluation. To develop the concept and criteria for the rating system, several hotels formed working groups. Led by hotel general managers, they consisted of chief engineers, executive assistant managers, environmental co-ordinators, BAPEDAL and WISNU representatives.

By December 1998, the foundation had compiled the initial benchmarking criteria from the results of the working parties. In February, an evaluation committee, comprising representatives from the tourism board, government owned utility companies, travel agents and the university met to assess them. February also saw the start of a pilot evaluation in several hotels. The results will be announced internally in April and the foundation expects to launch the programme formally in July 1999. By 2000 they hope to involve hotels throughout Indonesia.

The hotels which participated in the working groups are:

Bali Inter-Continental Resort, Jimbaran;
Bali Hyatt, Sanur; Nusa Dua
Beach Hotel and Spa, Nusa Dua;
Sheraton Nusa Indah Hotel, Nusa Dua;
Nikko Hotel, Nusa Dua;
Kartika Plaza Hotel, Tuban/Kuta;
LTI-Patra Jasa Hotel, Tuban/Kuta;
Jayakarta Resort and Apartment.

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