Island holidays – how can we be sustainable?

Sustainability in island destinations

Sustainability in island destinations

For a huge number of holidaymakers, going on holiday means a trip to an island.

Whether it’s the Canaries or the Balearics, Greek islands, Sicily, Sardinia, Malta, Cyprus, or further afield to Cuba, Jamaica, Barbados, Hawaii, The Bahamas, Bali... or any one of many dozens of small island locations, millions of people will want to visit.

Key to the development of tourism in these locations with limited land mass is sustainability and these issues are currently being addressed at the UNTWO Conference on Sustainable Tourism in Islands.

Critical issues for island destinations, include sustainable tourism development, climate change, and the role of regional cooperation.

The event is an opportunity to share knowledge on tourism in islands with the international community at ministerial and expert levels, and aims to set the agenda for the contribution of tourism to sustainable development in islands.

“Tourism is one of the most promising options for economic growth and development in small islands, particularly when planned and managed according to the principles of sustainability,” said UNWTO Secretary-General Taleb Rifai. “This conference will help realize tourism´s great potential to deliver sustainable development and livelihood to local communities,” he added.

“The undeniable natural attractiveness of islands has led to a strong increase in tourism demand in most places. This pressure can cause irreparable damages to the natural environment. Reconciling tourism and environmental preservation is the main challenge of small Islands,” said Pascal Faure, Head of the Directorate General for Competitiveness, Industry and Services, Ministry of Handicraft, Trade and Tourism, France.

“For several years now, and particularly in the last three years, we have placed tourism as a priority for our development”, said Didier Robert, President of the Region La Reunion which is hosting the conference. “I believe tourism is the most promising sector for our island in terms of business and job creation for the next 20 years. In this context, we face a double challenge – to develop tourism as a means of creating wealth, jobs, and improving the lives of people and promote sustainable tourism”, he added.

International tourism plays a central role in the economies of islands, being one of the main economic activities that provides job opportunities, improves livelihoods and generates foreign exchange earnings. The UNWTO report, Challenges and Opportunities for Tourism Development in Small Island Developing States (SIDS), showed an accelerated growth of international tourism in many small islands over the last decade, increasing by over 12 million to reach 41 million in 2011. The tourism sector accounts for more than half of the exports of at least 12 SIDS and over one quarter of the GDP in at least seven of them.

The conclusions from the Conference on Sustainable Development of Tourism in Islands shall serve as a guide for tourism authorities and relevant destinations as well as key input for the Third International Conference on SIDS in Samoa in September 2014, called for by the United Nations as a follow up to the Rio+20 Conference.


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